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IRON ROPES, CABLES, STAIRS, WALLS

Another way to approch and live the mountain rope ways and path. gen04

IRON ROPES, CABLES, STAIRS, WALLS
Our program Trekking in the Dolomites offers a wide range of opportunities.
This is the reason  why we need to have basic information on some important subjects such as the "rope path" or "rope ways" we call in Italian "Vie Ferrate".

VIE FERRATA/IRON ROPES: THE MAIN THINGS TO KNOW
Have you ever heard of "via ferrata" or Iron Ropes?
We will then tell you what they are, why they were born, the necessary equipment and the types of routes.

CABLES, STAIRS, WALLS
For "via ferrata" or Iron Ropes we mean those mountain routes equipped with metal cables, ladders and walkways that make climbing practicable also allows the less experienced to walk rocky frames, climb walls and reach peaks.

SHORT HISTORY OF VIA FERRATA
History tells us that the first via ferrata was built in 1880 by the Alpine guides of Madonna di Campiglio with the aim of facilitating the transit of their customers on the eastern side of the Brenta peak.

In the following years, many other crossing itineraries were equipped, especially in the eastern Alps, for mainly military purposes: during the hard years of the border war, the "via ferrata" or Iron Ropes encouraged the passage through inaccessible places in order to allow troops to access and control borderline.

In recent decades, tourism has re-evaluated the Iron Ropes, transforming them into a recreational activity accessible to all and therefore into a sports itinerary traced on a rocky wall, equipped with cables, steps and other elements to facilitate progression while ensuring safety at the same time.

THE EQUIPMENT   
In addition to the normal equipment that is usually involved for walking in the mountains (appropriate clothing, boots, backpack, first aid kit, food and drinks) to safely travel a via ferrata you must have the right equipment.

The main elements are: helmet and harness, special via ferrata gloves and the via ferrata set. The latter is composed of two lanyards, two carabiners and the heatsink. The longe or lanyard is a rope that allows a safe connection between the harness and the two carabiners: in practice it is two two pieces of dynamic rope joined to the base, and therefore in turn joined to the third piece of dynamic rope, which forms a Y and goes to work on the sink. The latter has the function of cushioning the fall by drastically reducing the fall factor.

As for the technique, it is preferable to practice with a specialized instructor: what we can say here is that in the via ferrata we proceed with self-insurance, that is, by attaching directly to the anchor cable using the carabiners of the lanyards that must always be used in succession, releasing the second only when the first has already been hooked over the nail.

TYPES OF VIA FERRATA
The difficulty of a via ferrata is given by the verticality of the wall and by the quantity of holds and supports present. The easiest via ferratas are usually called "Sentiero ferrato" or iron path, while the more demanding ones are called "Via ferrata" or iron way Oorpath ways..

In addition to the technical difficulty, it is always necessary to check the state and weather conditions: even a very easy route can become extremely dangerous and difficult in case of snow or ice. As for climbing, also for the via ferrata it was necessary to create a criterion for assessing the degree of difficulty (five) which goes from easy to extremely difficult.

All our trekking are always escorted by professional alpine guide able to look after our clients.
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