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THE DOLOMITES In ITALY, ASTONISHING MOUNTAINS

Beautiful mountains Unesco heritage. tre02

THE DOLOMITES In ITALY, ASTONISHING MOUNTAINS
That is all you need to know about these beautiful mountains in a country which is a Gold Mine and Unesco heritage.

We all know the world is in danger but we have organization such as the Unesco fighting to analyze the sites needing to be preserved or needing to be recognized as unique for the whole world to realize success stories where also the Dolomites need to stay. 
  
What are the Dolomites? Where are they? What is Enrosadira? 
Questions and answers in order to know everything about this masterpiece of nature!

WHAT ARE THE DOLOMITES
The Dolomites are a series of mountain groups in the Italian Eastern Alps. The feature that makes these mountains so special is that they are essentially composed of dolomite, a rock made up mainly of the dolomite mineral.
This peculiarity gives the Dolomites that pale color that makes them so fascinating and mysterious, and gives rise to the spectacular phenomenon we call "enrosadira". 

WHAT IS THE ENROSADIRA
The "Enrosadira" is the phenomenon where the peaks of the Dolomites, affected by the light of sunrise or sunset, turn red. It is a phenomenon visible almost all year round but it becomes spectacular in summer, when the twilight lasts longer.

THE ENRODASIRA, THE KING LAUTIN and princess SIMILIDE
Trying to explain what the Enrosadira is like will never give you the extraudinary experience you would have by seeing it in real life. It is something magical, so much so that for centuries many legends have been handed down to explain this phenomenon. The most famous is the one that features the king of the dwarves, King Laurin, who covered these mountains of roses to woo the beautiful princess Similde.

WHERE ARE THEY LOCATED
Simplifying to the extreme: the Dolomites are located in the north-east of Italy, specifically in the provinces of Trento, Bolzano, Belluno, Verona, Vicenza, Udine and Pordenone.

WHY ARE THEY A WORLD HERITAGE SITE 
On June 26, 2009, the Executive Committee of the Convention on the material heritage of humanity by UNESCO, meeting in Seville, inserted the Dolomites among the natural heritage sites of humanity, for their geological and landscape features, unique in the world.

From a geological point of view, the particular composition studied by the French geologist Dodat de Dolomieu makes these mountains so special. While to understand their uniqueness from a landscape point of view, just look at them: steep walls, glaciers, spiers, towers and pinnacles create a natural spectacle of incomparable beauty.

WHERE CAN i SEE and MEET THE DOLOMITES
In Trentino there are basically four main Dolomite groups. That of Latemar and Catinaccio, in the north-eastern part of Trentino, between the Val di Fassa and the Val di Fiemme; the Marmolada massif with its glacier, in the Val di Fiemme; the Pale di San Martino, always to the east but further south, in the area of ??the Paneveggio Pale di San Martino Natural Park and the group of the Brenta Dolomites, the only one west of the Adige river which is located entirely in Trentino, in the heart of the Adamello Brenta Natural Park.
The again the Gruppo del Sella, Catinaccio, Gruppo del Puez, Gruppo delle Odle, Sciliar, Dolomiti di Sesto, Dolomiti di Braies.

THE CLIMATE
Being in the Dolomites means to be above 1500 meters (but with the cable cars you can easily reach more than 2000 meters).
In the winter months there are abundant snowfalls, which make them perfect for skiers, while in summer they are quite cool and become a destination for hikers, climbers and cyclists.

WHAT TO WEAR
Clothing is a choice not to be underestimated. You are going to the mountains so proper clothing and equipment is essential. In winter it is mandatory to have snow boots, a jacket and waterproof clothes, as well as a hat, gloves and a neck warmer and, in case of abundant snow, a pair of snowshoes to move around. If you then go to the Dolomites to ski, you can bring your equipment or rent it at the numerous specialized shops.

In summer, even if it is hot, our advice is to wear long technical pants, trekking shoes, technical shirt and a cap to protect you from the sun as, going up to altitude, the vegetation becomes sparser and offers less shelter. Always carry a long-sleeved shirt with you for safety and a windproof and rainproof jacket, especially in spring and autumn. Do not forget, in all seasons, to bring a backpack, a supply of water and a sunscreen ... the sun beats really hard in the high mountains.

IS THERE ANY WAY TO SLEEP IN THE DOLOMITES
There are many structures that offer hospitality to those who are in the Dolomites, such as refuges/alpine huts. These accommodations are located high in the mountains to host mountaineers and hikers. They don't obviously have the comforts of a classic hotel but surely hold the pleasure of waking up in the heart of the Dolomites.
They are usually open from June 20th to September 20th, but these dates may vary depending on the weather. 
A word of advice: if you decide to sleep in a shelter it is a must to take a sleeping bag or a sheet-sack with you.

The bravest (and expert) can try the experience of sleeping in a bivouac: small unattended structures, equipped with the essentials, which are located in the high mountains to give refuge to climbers. You may need to share the space with other climbers havng the need to stop there for the night.

HUGE AMOUNT OF ACTIVITIES
You can go skiing in winter since there are super-equipped slopes and the panorama make them one of the most popular destinations for skiers all over the world: just think of places like Madonna di Campiglio, Canazei or San Martino di Castrozza, known by all snow lovers.

In summer hundreds of hiking trails, for beginners and experts. The paths often reach huts and refuges where it is possible to stop for something to eat, while the ski lifts (open until late summer) allow hikers to climb at altitude, avoiding the harder side of the climb. In addition to lovers of trekking, the Dolomites in summer are a reference point for climbers, trail runners and lovers of via ferratas. 
Last but not least Dolomites is a paradise for photo trekking but also a dreany area where to marry in the middle of a wild and magnificent nature..

There are also numerous cyclists who choose the Dolomites in summer. While MTB lovers give vent to their passion in one of the many high altitude bike parks, those who prefer road bikes can challenge the Dolomite climbs that have made the history of this sport.

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